ASCLA Virtual Convergence: The Disability Experience in a Post-2.0 World: Implications for Libraries

Welcome ASCLA Virtual Convergence Attendees!

The resources referenced in my presentation, The Disability Experience in a Post-2.0 World: Implications for Libraries, are listed below.  They are also available via the Diigo collaborative bookmarking site: mbfortson’s ascla11 Bookmarks on Diigo.

Those seeking additional information on library services and people with disabilities may be interested in Crash Course in Library Access & People with Disabilities, Access to Electronic Resources for Patrons with Disabilities, and other posts in the blog’s “Accessibility” category.

Thanks for visiting.

Aaron Cannon, Blind Web Developer on Vimeo“Aaron Cannon, blind since birth, shows how he (and other blind users) browses the web using screen reader technology. Presentation given November 2007 at LDS Church headquarters in Salt Lake City, Utah.”

Academic Resources and Universal Design | ProfHacker | The Chronicle of Higher Education

“The situation would be much improved if more of us embraced the concept of universal design, the idea that we should always keep the largest possible audience in mind in our design decisions, ensuring that our final product serves the needs of those with disabilities as well as those without. In fact, the argument goes, embracing universal design results in an improved environment for all people.”

Accessibility and Assistive Technology | Help Center | Facebook

Facebook Help Center page “intended for users with vision impairment or physical disabilities.”

Accessibility of Next Generation Web Applications | EASI Webcast | WebAIM

“Dynamic HTML and AJAX are beginning to dominate the internet. Next generation web applications can impact accessibility of the web for better or worse.”

Accessibility | WordPress Codex

“Accessibility is for everyone, even WordPress users. But what is it?”

Accessible Twitter

‘”Web accessibility for the website application.”

Are Social Networking Sites Accessible to People with Vision Loss? | American Foundation for the Blind

“Using JAWS and Window-Eyes—popular assistive technology products that provide access to information on a computer screen—AFB evaluated these sites to see if a blind computer user, with basic screen reader skills, could independently register, create a standard profile, post photos, and interact with other group members.”

Captcha SUCKS! | YouTube

Demonstrates “audio verification which is just as useless” as indiscernible CAPTCHAs.

Chronic Disease and the Internet | Pew Research Center’s Internet & American Life Project

“When other demographic factors are held constant, having a chronic disease significantly increases an internet user’s likelihood to say they work on a blog or contribute to an online discussion, a listserv, or other online group forum that helps people with personal issues or health problems.”

“Living with chronic disease is also associated, once someone is online, with a greater likelihood to access user-generated health content such as blog posts, hospital reviews, doctor reviews, and podcasts. These resources allow an internet user to dive deeply into a health topic, using the internet as a communications tool, not simply an information vending machine.”

Considering the User Perspective: A Summary of Design Issues | WebAIM

Clear, concise description in chart form describing web accessibility challenges and solutions.

[Designing for All in a Web 2.0 World] | Vimeo

Robin Christopherson’s 2009 Future of Web Design presentation.

Federal web site whose mission is “to connect people with disabilities, their family members, veterans, caregivers, employers, service providers and others with the resources they need to ensure that people with disabilities can fully participate in the workplace and in their communities.” Recommended reading: the Assistive Devices & Equipment and Laws & Recommendations sections. Visitors can use the Information by State feature to locate information and resources close to home.


“Disability Community: Blogs, Disability Forums, Caregiver Support, and More.”

Element 4: Disseminate Through Different Media | NICHCY

“NCDDR developed this list of options in 2001. Since then, we’ve seen an explosion in the use of social media to reach and engage users. The tools of social networking (Facebook, Twitter, RSS feeds) offer disseminators a remarkably powerful and very popular new avenue to explore. In the same way, the rapid advance of technology has also given us many new tools.”

Emerging technologies | Wikipedia

Sample Wikipedia page.


Social networking website.

[Facebook Mobile Site] | Facebook

Facebook social networking website optimized for mobile device users.

Giz Explains: How Blind People See the Internet | Gizmodo

August 2010 Gizmodo feature.

HiSoftware Cynthia Says Portal

“The HiSoftware Cynthia Says portal is a web content accessibility validation solution. It is designed to identify errors in your content related to Section 508 standards and/or the WCAG guidelines.”

How People with Disabilities Use the Web | W3C

“This document provides an introduction to use of the Web by people with disabilities. It illustrates some of their requirements when using Web sites and Web-based applications, and provides supporting information for the guidelines and technical work of the World Wide Web Consortium’s (W3C) Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI).”

Is Wikipedia usable for the blind? (Buzzi and Leporini)

Abstract: “Today wikis are becoming increasingly widespread, and offer great benefits in a variety of collaborative environments. Therefore, to be universally valuable, wiki systems should be easy to use for anyone, regardless of ability. This paper describes obstacles that a blind user may encounter when interacting via screen reader with Wikipedia, and offers some suggestions for improving usability.” From the proceedings of the 2008 international cross-disciplinary conference on Web accessibility (W4A).

Keep Facebook Accessible | Facebook

Group for Facebook users interested in accessibility issues.

National Dissemination Center for Children with Disabilities (NICHCY) | Facebook

Official NICHCY Facebook page.

National Down Syndrome Society | Facebook

Official NDSS Facebook page.

ODEP News Release: offers social media tools, upgrades to complement information from 22 federal agencies on disability-related programs and services

Press release announcing revamp “with social media tools to encourage interaction and feedback, and new ways to organize, share and receive information. Visitors can sign up for personalized news and updates, participate in online discussions and suggest resources for the site. New features include a Twitter feed, Really Simple Syndication feeds, a blog, social bookmarking and a user-friendly way to obtain answers to questions on such topics as finding employment and job accommodations. Additional tools will be added during the months ahead.”

Online Social Networks Bridge Gaps for Chronically Ill |

“For many people, social networks are a place for idle chatter about what they made for dinner or sharing cute pictures of their pets. But for people living with chronic diseases or disabilities, they play a more vital role.”

Policies Relating to Web Accessibility | WAI

Outlines legislation and policies related to web accessibility. In the United States, these include Section 255 of the Telecommunications Act, Sections 504 and 508 of the Rehabilitation Act, and the Americans with Disabilities Act.

The Power of Social Networking for People with Disabilities | Accessible Technology Online Series

“The explosion of the use of Internet-based social networking sites and social media to communicate and connect with friends, work colleagues, potential job applicants and customers has been particularly beneficial to businesses and people with disabilities who may not have had the opportunity to connect so freely through more traditional or in-person means. This session will examine what social networking is all about and how it can be leveraged successfully to enhance communication and to break down barriers to full participation by everyone in the digital age.”

Relationship between Mobile Web Best Practices (MWBP) and Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) | W3C

“This technical report describes the similarities and differences between the requirements in Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) and Mobile Web Best Practices 1.0 (MWBP).” The report’s appendix includes links to “Experiences Shared by People with Disabilities and by People Using Mobile Devices,” “Mobile Web Best Practices 1.0,” and other resources to assist designers in making web content accessible to both people with disabilities and users of mobile devices.

SeaBeast Theme Demo

“Accessible” WordPress theme.

Services to Persons with Disabilities: An Interpretation… | ALA

“All library resources should be available in formats accessible by persons of all ages with different abilities. These materials must not be restricted by any presuppositions about information needs, interests, or capacity for understanding. The library should offer different, necessary modes of access to the same content using equipment, electronics, or software. All information resources provided directly or indirectly by the library, regardless of technology, format, or method of delivery, should be readily, equally and equitably accessible to all library users.”

Social networking sites lock out disabled users | eNation reports | AbilityNet

“Social networking sites may be revolutionising internet communication, and creating new and exciting opportunities in both leisure and business, but is this Brave New World as democratic and inclusive as it appears?”

Tennessee Justice Center | Facebook

Official TJC Facebook page.


Microblogging service.

Twitter Accessibility | Slideshare

Presented by WebAIM’s Jared Smith at the CSUN Tweetup.

Twitter Accessibility Roundup | Blog | WebAIM

List of Twitter users who “post frequent and insightful messages on web accessibility.”

The W3C Markup Validation Service

“This validator checks the markup validity of Web documents in HTML, XHTML, SMIL, MathML, etc.”

Wabi Sabi WordPress Theme

“Accessible” WordPress theme.

WAI-ARIA Overview | W3C

“WAI-ARIA, the Accessible Rich Internet Applications Suite, defines a way to make Web content and Web applications more accessible to people with disabilities. It especially helps with dynamic content and advanced user interface controls developed with Ajax, HTML, JavaScript, and related technologies.”

WAVE Web Accessibility Evaluation Tool

“WAVE is a free web accessibility evaluation tool provided by WebAIM. It is used to aid humans in the web accessibility evaluation process. Rather than providing a complex technical report, WAVE shows the original web page with embedded icons and indicators that reveal the accessibility of that page.”

WCAG 2.0 Theme Song, Web Content Accessibility Guidelines | YouTube

Lighthearted take on the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines.

Web Accessibility | American Foundation for the Blind

“The same good techniques that make web pages accessible to those of us who use assistive technology benefit users of other devices as well. For example, people with…
* slow Internet connections
* devices that do not show color
* devices such as cell phones that have tiny screens
…all make use of design features such as alt-text and keyboard access. While a highly motivated and patient person browsing the web with a tiny handheld monitor might find it possible to navigate your site, unlabeled graphics and vast navigation bars filled with indecipherable graphics might well render your site unusable. ”

Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI)

From the site: “The Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) works with organizations around the world to develop strategies, guidelines, and resources to help make the Web accessible to people with disabilities.” Recommended reading: the Introducing Accessibility section and its Introduction to Web Accessibility, Introduction to “How People with Disabilities Use the Web,” and Quick Tips to Make Accessible Web Sites.

Web Accessibility: WCAG 2.0 at a Glance

“This page provides a summary of Web Content Accessibility Guidelines WCAG 2.0.”

What-accessibility-means-in-25-words (pdf)

“To launch the 2010 season of Accessibility 100 – a series of 100 easy-to-implement, free and inexpensive tips for improving accessibility for people with disabilities, I challenged people to share ‘What does accessibility mean to you?’ in 25 words.”

What is a CAPTCHA?

“A CAPTCHA is a program that can generate and grade tests that humans can pass but current computer programs cannot.”

“The term CAPTCHA (for Completely Automated Public Turing Test To Tell Computers and Humans Apart) was coined in 2000 by Luis von Ahn, Manuel Blum, Nicholas Hopper and John Langford of Carnegie Mellon University. At the time, they developed the first CAPTCHA to be used by Yahoo.”

Wikipedia: Manual of Style (accessibility) | Wikipedia

Wikipedia Manual of Style’s accessibility guidelines.

Wikipedia:WikiProject Accessibility | Wikipedia

WikiProject Accessibility is “a group of editors promoting better access” for users with disabilities.

WordPress | Blog Tool and Publishing Platform

Open source content management system. See also


“Accessible” WordPress theme.